Pedro Vale Group at the Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh


Our overall aim is to understand how individual-level host heterogeneity scales up to population level disease outcomes.


We use the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster as an established model of infection, immunity and behaviour to investigate the causes of individual variation in immune responses, life-history traits and social behaviours and the consequences of this variation for pathogen transmission and evolution.


Our work has received generous support from:




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